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笃学奖-Day8法律顾问-A13436-甘比精读

2019年3月21日 - 法律顾问

Day8 Topic 2 The Myth of Cyber Security  词汇扫除文盲

  1. in terms

If you talk about something in terms of something or in particular
terms, you are specifying which aspect of it you are discussing or from
what point of view you are considering it.

Our goods compete in terms of product quality, reliability and above all
variety.

Paris has played a dominant role in France, not just in political terms
but also in economic power.

2.bangladesh

n. 孟加拉国(南美洲国度)

3.derail

verb

1)To derail something such as a plan or a series of negotiations
means to prevent it from continuing as planned.

The present wave of political killings is the work of people trying to
derail peace talks.

…a fear that any reform could be derailed by hard-line Communists.

Synonyms: prevent, stop, block, check   More Synonyms of derail

2) verb

If a train is derailed or if it derails, it comes off the track on
which it is running.

Several people were injured today when a train was derailed.

No-one knows why the train derailed.

4.breach         n. 破坏

variable noun

A breach of an agreement, a law, or a promise is an act of breaking it.

The congressman was accused of a breach of secrecy rules.

5.extortion n. 敲诈,勒索,逼取;

Extortion is the crime of obtaining something from someone, especially
money, by using force or threats.

初稿的computerised extortion 应该翻译成计算机式掠夺

6.physical object

物体

7.vulnerable

1)adjective

Someone who is vulnerable is weak and without protection, with the
result that they are easily hurt physically or emotionally.

Old people are particularly vulnerable members of our society.

vulnerability

Word forms: plural vulnerabilities

variable noun

David accepts his own vulnerability.

2) adjective

If a person, animal, or plant is vulnerable to a disease, they are more
likely to get it than other people, animals, or plants.

People with high blood pressure are especially vulnerable to diabetes.

Plants that are growing vigorously are less likely to be vulnerable to
disease.

vulnerability  uncountable noun

Taking long-term courses of certain medicines may increase vulnerability
to infection.

3) adjective

Something that is vulnerable can be easily harmed or affected by
something bad.

8.MRI scanner

核磁共振成像 Magnetic resonance imaging

9.prosthetics  义肢

the branch of surgery dealing with the replacement of missing parts,
esp. limbs, by artificial substitutes

10.insulin pump胰岛素泵

胰岛素泵是在糖尿病治疗中用来禁锢胰岛素的医用设备,也号称持续皮下胰岛素输注治疗装置。

11.pacemaker起搏器

cardiac pacemaker

心脏人工心脏起搏器

ectopic pacemaker

[医]异位起搏点

implantable cardiac pacemaker

移植心脏人工心脏起搏器

implanted pacemaker

埋藏式心脏人工心脏起搏器;植入式人工心脏起搏器

pacemaker electrode

起搏器电极

pacemaker neurone

起搏神经元

pacemaker potential

起搏点电位;起搏电位

12.tempting诱人的

If something is tempting, it makes you want to do it or have it.

13.wizardry

You can refer to a very clever achievement or piece of work as
wizardry
, especially when you do not understand how it is done.

another effort by the White House to display its neoteric wizardry went
awry.

白金汉宫体现其新式才华的又1回努力退步了。

14.vigilance   n. <正>警觉;警惕;警戒

<医>失眠症;惊醒症

15.paranoia被毁损妄想症,那里应该是指风险意识

1)uncountable noun

If you say that someone suffers from paranoia, you think that they are
too suspicious and afraid of other people.

The mood is one of paranoia and expectation of war.

…the mounting paranoia with which he viewed the world around him.

Synonyms: obsession, suspicion, delusion, persecution complex   More
Synonyms of paranoia

2)uncountable noun

In psychology, if someone suffers from paranoia, they wrongly believe
that other people are trying to harm them, or believe themselves to be
much more important than they really are.

16.stripe种类

17.initiative

An initiative is an important act or statement that is intended to
solve a problem.

Government initiatives to help young people have been inadequate.

There’s talk of a new peace initiative.

Synonyms: plan, deal, proposal, act

18.flaw

n. 缺点, 瑕疵, 缺陷

19.bug bounty

A bug bounty program is a deal offered by many websites and software
developers by which individuals can receive recognition and compensation
for reporting bugs, especially those pertaining to exploits and
vulnerabilities. These programs allow the developers to discover and
resolve bugs before the general public is aware of them, preventing
incidents of widespread abuse. Bug bounty programs have been implemented
by Facebook, Yahoo!, Google, Reddit, and Square.

20.**illicit**

21.compound   vt. 混合;合成;

22.afterthought

n. 事后的设想或费尽脑筋

从此以往精通,马后炮;事后再回看

新兴丰盛的东西;事后想到的事物

文本应该是指后知后觉!

23.counsel

. n. 忠告;商讨;商议;决策;法律顾问

24.liabilityn. 责任, 义务; 

25.incentive  n. 激励某人做某事的东西; 刺激; 诱因, 动机

法律顾问,if something is an incentive to do something, it encourages you to do
it.

26.refrain 

refrain sb from doing sth

If you refrain from doing something, you deliberately do not do it.

Mrs Hardie refrained from making any comment.

He appealed to all factions to refrain from violence.

Synonyms: stop, avoid, give up, cease

27.encryption      n. 编密码

28.hamper  

vt. 妨碍;束缚;使困累

n. 食盒,食篮;阻碍物

1)verb

If someone or something hampers you, they make it difficult for you to
do what you are trying to do.

The bad weather hampered rescue operations.

I was hampered by a lack of information.

And that division will continue to hamper a clear U.N. resolution with
enforcement power.”

那种争辨将阻止联合国显明有执行力的决定的推行

Synonyms: hinder, handicap, hold up, prevent   More Synonyms of hamper

2)countable noun

A hamper is a basket containing food of various kinds that is given to
people as a present.

…a luxury food hamper.

Synonyms: basket, case, package, flax kit [New Zealand]   More
Synonyms of hamper

3) countable noun

A hamper is a large basket with a lid, used especially for carrying food
in.

29.gizmos

n. 新玩艺,小物件;线框;小装置

30.default

vi. 违反合同和契约; 拖欠债务:弃权

n. 违约; 缺席; 拖欠:弃权

default of payment

不举行给付职务

default printer

n.默许打字与印刷机

default rate

违反合同和契约率;拖欠债务率

default route

default values

缺省值;默认值

in default of

因缺少;在缺少…时

31.botnet

a network of computers infected by a program that communicates with its
creator in order to send unsolicited emails, attack websites, etc

僵尸网络 Botnet

僵尸互联网(Botnet,亦译为丧尸网络、机器人互联网)是指骇客利用协调编辑的分布式阻断服务攻击进度将数万个沦陷的机器,即黑客常说的僵尸电脑或肉鸡,组织成3个个控制节点,用来发送伪造包可能是污源数据包,使预订攻击指标瘫痪并“拒绝服务”。平日蠕虫病毒也足以被利用组成僵尸互连网。

32.malware

恶意软件 Malware

Malware is a type of computer program that is designed to damage or
disrupt a computer.

33.rein       

n. 缰绳;驾驭;统治;支配

34.moot

adj.未决定的,无实际意义的

If something is amootpoint
orquestion,
people
cannotagreeabout
it.

That never happened, and it is now moot because he has made a set of
judgments that are inexcusable.

那件事平昔不曾生出过,未来悬而未决是因为她做出了不可原谅的论断。

35.butt up

联网起来

36.excoriate

vt. 严酷训斥,痛斥

an editorial that excoriated the administration for its inaction.

一篇强烈谴责政坛无所事事的社评

37.lax

adj. 松懈的;松的

38.come down hard with

严整

39.headrest

n. 靠头之物;头靠,弹性头垫

A headrest is the part of the back of a seat on which you can lean your
head, especially one on the front seat of a car.

40.clamour

大声的渴求或抗议

singular noun

Clamour is used to describe the loud noise of a large group of people
talking or shouting together.

41.fatality

A fatality is a death caused by an accident or by violence.

延伸

uncountable noun

Fatality is the feeling or belief that human beings cannot influence or
control events.

…with a feeling of fatality.

42.premium高端的

adjective

Premium goods are of a higher than usual quality and are often
expensive.

43.prod

督促;刺激;促使;激动:

I shall have to prod him to pay me what he owes.

本身将不得不催促他把欠笔者的钱还给本身。

verb

If you prod someone into doing something, you remind or persuade them to
do it.

The report should prod the Government into spending more on the Health
Service.

His remark prodded her to ask where Mora had gone.

Synonyms: prompt, move, urge, motivate

44.precedent(上一个topic precedented)

n. 先例;前例

adj. 在前的;在先的

If there is a precedent for an action or event, it has happened before,
and this can be regarded as an argument for doing it again.

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