Day8 Topic 2 The Myth of Cyber Security 词汇扫除文盲
- in terms
If you talk about something in terms of something or in particular
terms, you are specifying which aspect of it you are discussing or from
what point of view you are considering it.
Our goods compete in terms of product quality, reliability and above all
Paris has played a dominant role in France, not just in political terms
but also in economic power.
1）To derail something such as a plan or a series of negotiations
means to prevent it from continuing as planned.
The present wave of political killings is the work of people trying to
derail peace talks.
…a fear that any reform could be derailed by hard-line Communists.
Synonyms: prevent, stop, block, check More Synonyms of derail
If a train is derailed or if it derails, it comes off the track on
which it is running.
Several people were injured today when a train was derailed.
No-one knows why the train derailed.
4.breach n. 破坏
A breach of an agreement, a law, or a promise is an act of breaking it.
The congressman was accused of a breach of secrecy rules.
5.extortion n. 敲诈,勒索,逼取;
Extortion is the crime of obtaining something from someone, especially
money, by using force or threats.
初稿的computerised extortion 应该翻译成计算机式掠夺
Someone who is vulnerable is weak and without protection, with the
result that they are easily hurt physically or emotionally.
Old people are particularly vulnerable members of our society.
Word forms: plural vulnerabilities
David accepts his own vulnerability.
If a person, animal, or plant is vulnerable to a disease, they are more
likely to get it than other people, animals, or plants.
People with high blood pressure are especially vulnerable to diabetes.
Plants that are growing vigorously are less likely to be vulnerable to
vulnerability uncountable noun
Taking long-term courses of certain medicines may increase vulnerability
Something that is vulnerable can be easily harmed or affected by
核磁共振成像 Magnetic resonance imaging
the branch of surgery dealing with the replacement of missing parts,
esp. limbs, by artificial substitutes
implantable cardiac pacemaker
If something is tempting, it makes you want to do it or have it.
You can refer to a very clever achievement or piece of work as
wizardry, especially when you do not understand how it is done.
another effort by the White House to display its neoteric wizardry went
14.vigilance n. <正>警觉;警惕;警戒
If you say that someone suffers from paranoia, you think that they are
too suspicious and afraid of other people.
The mood is one of paranoia and expectation of war.
…the mounting paranoia with which he viewed the world around him.
Synonyms: obsession, suspicion, delusion, persecution complex More
Synonyms of paranoia
In psychology, if someone suffers from paranoia, they wrongly believe
that other people are trying to harm them, or believe themselves to be
much more important than they really are.
An initiative is an important act or statement that is intended to
solve a problem.
Government initiatives to help young people have been inadequate.
There’s talk of a new peace initiative.
Synonyms: plan, deal, proposal, act
n. 缺点, 瑕疵, 缺陷
A bug bounty program is a deal offered by many websites and software
developers by which individuals can receive recognition and compensation
for reporting bugs, especially those pertaining to exploits and
vulnerabilities. These programs allow the developers to discover and
resolve bugs before the general public is aware of them, preventing
incidents of widespread abuse. Bug bounty programs have been implemented
by Facebook, Yahoo!, Google, Reddit, and Square.
21.compound vt. 混合；合成；
. n. 忠告；商讨；商议；决策；法律顾问
24.liabilityn. 责任, 义务;
25.incentive n. 激励某人做某事的东西; 刺激; 诱因, 动机
法律顾问，if something is an incentive to do something, it encourages you to do
refrain sb from doing sth
If you refrain from doing something, you deliberately do not do it.
Mrs Hardie refrained from making any comment.
He appealed to all factions to refrain from violence.
Synonyms: stop, avoid, give up, cease
27.encryption n. 编密码
If someone or something hampers you, they make it difficult for you to
do what you are trying to do.
The bad weather hampered rescue operations.
I was hampered by a lack of information.
And that division will continue to hamper a clear U.N. resolution with
Synonyms: hinder, handicap, hold up, prevent More Synonyms of hamper
A hamper is a basket containing food of various kinds that is given to
people as a present.
…a luxury food hamper.
Synonyms: basket, case, package, flax kit [New Zealand] More
Synonyms of hamper
3） countable noun
A hamper is a large basket with a lid, used especially for carrying food
vi. 违反合同和契约; 拖欠债务：弃权
n. 违约; 缺席; 拖欠：弃权
default of payment
in default of
a network of computers infected by a program that communicates with its
creator in order to send unsolicited emails, attack websites, etc
Malware is a type of computer program that is designed to damage or
disrupt a computer.
That never happened, and it is now moot because he has made a set of
judgments that are inexcusable.
an editorial that excoriated the administration for its inaction.
38.come down hard with
A headrest is the part of the back of a seat on which you can lean your
head, especially one on the front seat of a car.
Clamour is used to describe the loud noise of a large group of people
talking or shouting together.
A fatality is a death caused by an accident or by violence.
Fatality is the feeling or belief that human beings cannot influence or
…with a feeling of fatality.
Premium goods are of a higher than usual quality and are often
I shall have to prod him to pay me what he owes.
If you prod someone into doing something, you remind or persuade them to
The report should prod the Government into spending more on the Health
His remark prodded her to ask where Mora had gone.
Synonyms: prompt, move, urge, motivate
If there is a precedent for an action or event, it has happened before,
and this can be regarded as an argument for doing it again.